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Covid-19 = SARS-CoV-2 = Coronavirus = Wolf Virus


SARS = Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome


- Summary 5/15/2020 -

I have renamed this virus to the Wolf Virus. Why? Because it is killing the elderly, sick, wounded, and occasional young victim. This is very much like the wolf does with the mammals that live within their territory. When we look at the population of elk or deer in a territorial area of wolves, this has been found to be healthy for the herd. There are more elderly, sick, and wounded humans on earth than any other period in human history. My whole life I have heard about survival of the fittest being a good thing. I think we are all going to get this virus before it is all said and done. Too many people are asymptomatic and pretty much only humans with comorbidities are dying.

According to the available data (see below), the flu kills fewer people worldwide than AIDS, suicide, and malaria. Covid-19 has killed less than the flu, however, reporting is suspected to be a magnitude or more fewer deaths than actually reported. Assuming the death rate is 2 times the reported amount, then Covid-19 would be killing about the same number of people worldwide as the flu.

Looking at the data from the US which is probably more accurate than world data, Covid-19 has killed right up there with Alzheimer’s and diabetes but has killed 2 times more than the flu. Assuming a large number of non-Covid-19 deaths were reported as Covid-19 deaths and reducing the reported number by 50% makes Covid-19 at least as lethal as the flu.

Therefore, I am postulating that Covid-19 is at least as lethal as the flu and probably more. If that is the case and Covid-19 does not go away, we could have 60,000 people dying from the flu and 60,000+ people dying from Covid-19 each year (120,000+ dead / year). That would put us on par with deaths from cardiovascular diseases, Alzheimer’s, and diabetes. Not worth destroying the world economy over. I think there is also a strong possibility that cases of both Covid-19, the flu, and probably the cold will be significantly less that expected by as much as 75% because of all of the precautions that have been put in place about the spread of these type of viruses. That would put the 2021 death toll at around 30,000 or less. That would put us below a .015% /yr death rate and would be less than all the other causes of death on my list. However, I also believe we are all going to get this before it is all said and done. The whole purpose of the quarantine was to not overload the hospitals. It appears that has been accomplished. There are concoctions that will save most of those who get deathly ill. By 2021 there will more than likely be a vaccine or better yet an neutralising antibodies drug that has a protein that would prevent Covid-19 from attaching itself to a cell altogether. Unfortunately, I think this current breakout is merely preparing us for the true pandemic to come. Imagine if this virus were killing 10% or more of the population instead of a death rate of less than .03%.

Lastly, almost all of these viruses that inflict humanity are transmitted in the same way, most attack your respiratory system in one way or another, and most have many if not the same symptoms. Therefore, tracking and classifying each disease accurately is challenging. The resulting numbers may not be as accurate as desirable. However, I believe the numbers from the US are probably several orders of magnitude more accurate than those from the rest of the world. All of the numbers presented in this analysis are as close to being accurate as possible meaning I derived them from more than one source when available. I am not looking for accuracy here but am using approximations to understand how death from viral diseases compared to death from other circumstances that kill people.





History

Source: October 2013


This article introduces a series of invited papers in Antiviral Research marking the 10th anniversary of the outbreak of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS), caused by a novel coronavirus that emerged in southern China in late 2002. Until that time, coronaviruses had not been recognized as agents causing severe disease in humans, hence, the emergence of the SARS-CoV came as a complete surprise. Research during the past ten years has revealed the existence of a diverse pool of coronaviruses circulating among various bat species and other animals, suggesting that further introductions of highly pathogenic coronaviruses into the human population are not merely probable, but inevitable. The recent emergence of another coronavirus causing severe disease, Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS), in humans, has made it clear that coronaviruses pose a major threat to human health, and that more research is urgently needed to elucidate their replication mechanisms, identify potential drug targets, and develop effective countermeasures.

What Is Covid-19 And Where Did It Come From?


Source: Smithsonian's National Zoo and Conservation Biology Institute

Researchers with the Smithsonian's Global Health Program have discovered six new coronaviruses in bats in Myanmar -- the first time these viruses have been detected anywhere in the world. Future studies will evaluate the potential for transmission across species to better understand the risks to human health. According to the authors, the newly discovered coronaviruses are not closely related to coronaviruses Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS), Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) or COVID-19. COVID-19 is a zoonotic disease, which means it is caused by an animal virus that has been picked up by humans. About 80 percent of viruses that exist are zoonotic viruses, and they work in both directions: animals can pass them to humans, and humans can pass them back to animals. Researchers have found that when bats contract these viruses, their particularly strong immune systems prevent them from getting sick or dying from the infections. According to viral experts, a coronavirus exactly like Covid-19 is NOT carried by bats even though they carry several coronaviruses. As a virus jumps from species to species, it mutates, which means that researchers won't see an exact copy in animals of the novel coronavirus found in humans. But scientists have found a 96 percent genetic match between the virus that's currently infecting humans and a coronavirus that is found in bats. Researchers believe that it is not likely that novel coronavirus spread directly from bats to humans, but that one or more animals at the market in Wuhan were infected by bats and served as an intermediate host in the transfer of the virus from bats to humans. It's thought that humans then came in contact with an infected animal, or animals, at the market. How exactly the virus was transmitted is still unknown, but some theories include a human consuming an infected animal or touching an infected animal during the butchering process. Scientists say it is highly likely that the virus came from bats but first passed through an intermediary animal in the same way that another coronavirus – the 2003 SARS (SARS-CoV-1) outbreak – moved from horseshoe bats to cat-like civets before infecting humans.

One animal implicated as an intermediary coronavirus host between bats and humans is the pangolin. However, no one knows for sure and this speculation at best.

The International Union for Conservation of Nature says they are “the most illegally traded mammal in the world” and are prized for their meat and the claimed medicinal properties of their scales. COVID-19 is not the first illness that has made the leap from bats to humans. The viruses that caused SARS, MERS, Ebola, Nipah, Hendra, and Marburg can all be traced back to bats, according to the UC Berkeley researchers, although all were spread through intermediate hosts. While animals and humans have traded diseases back and forth historically, recently, outbreaks that can be traced back to animals have become more common—partly, at least, due to human behavior.

Was this virus created in a lab? Most virologists say no. If this was a man made virus it would have characteristics of the tools scientists have for producing and manipulating a virus and Covid-19 does not have any of these tell tale signs. There is a lot of evidence that Covid-19 is a zoonotic virus and virtually no evidence that is was man made.

Did Covid-19 escape from the lab in Wuhan China? Some virologists say the Covid-19 virus is a new coronavirus and therefore did not exist prior to the breakout in 2019 / 2020. Covid-19 is remarkably similar to SARS-1 and is its cousin, but it is not exactly the same. Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) was first discovered in Asia in February 2003. The outbreak lasted approximately six months as the disease spread to more than two dozen countries in North America, South America, Europe, and Asia before it was stopped in July 2003. According to virologists, if humans were to have manipulated SARS-CoV-1 it would look different than the current Covid-19 or SARS-CoV-2. They say they can tell the difference between a virus that has been altered by humans and one that has mutated naturally. Therefore, for these reasons and others, some virologists have ruled out creation in a lab by humans.

That said, there is also the theory that the virus did come from the Wuhan laboratory that has been experimenting specifically with bat coronavirus. The Chinese CDC published this headline 5/29/20 "The Chinese CDC now says the coronavirus didn't jump to people at the Wuhan wet market — instead, it was the site of a super-spreader event". This is not saying, however, that it came from a laboratory. It is saying that they could not find any life forms at the market that have the virus. I find it extremely suspicious at least that a human coronavirus outbreak started in the vicinity of a virus laboratory experimenting with the same type of viruses that are very similar to the coronavirus that is now killing people all over the world. A friend of mine sent me the following video and I think it explains the theory the best.










Here is some interesting news. Apparently a supercomputer found a promising theory about why COVID-19 cases go downhill fast. It even explains the bizarre range of symptoms. A supercomputer found a promising theory about why COVID-19 cases go downhill fast. It even explains the bizarre range of symptoms. insider@insider.com (Aria Bendix) September 13, 2020, 4:55 AM PDT Tennessee researchers used a supercomputer to analyze lung fluid from coronavirus patients.
They found that patients with severe cases may produce too much bradykinin, a chemical that regulates blood pressure.
This could set off a chain reaction that leads to COVID-19's bizarre range of symptoms — including cardiac, gastrointestinal, and neurological problems.
Business Insider A supercomputer found a promising theory about why COVID-19 cases go downhill fast. It even explains the bizarre range of symptoms. insider@insider.com (Aria Bendix) September 13, 2020, 4:55 AM PDT Tennessee researchers used a supercomputer to analyze lung fluid from coronavirus patients. They found that patients with severe cases may produce too much bradykinin, a chemical that regulates blood pressure. This could set off a chain reaction that leads to COVID-19's bizarre range of symptoms — including cardiac, gastrointestinal, and neurological problems. Claudia da Costa Leite, a radiology professor at University of Sao Paulo, examines lung scans on July 29, 2020. Imagine trying to drive a car with a leaky engine. Now imagine there are no brakes, either. Eventually, you're going to run out of fuel or crash. Some passengers might survive — others won't. The human body may endure a similar experience in response to a coronavirus infection, according to a study from researchers at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory in Tennessee. The lab's supercomputers — one of which is the second-fastest in the world — analyzed lung fluid samples from nine coronavirus patients with severe cases in Wuhan, China. The computers detected major differences in way these patients expressed certain genes relative to the way healthy people do. Based on those abnormalities, the researchers came up with a new theory: Patients with severe COVID-19 may experience what's known as a "bradykinin storm." Bradykinin is a chemical that regulates blood pressure. The researchers found that some people with the coronavirus may produce it in extreme excess. That storm throws major systems — including respiratory, gastrointestinal, and neurological pathways — off balance. The theory aligns with researchers' growing view of the coronavirus as a vascular disease instead of a respiratory one. Research has shown that COVID-19 can lead to blood clots, leaky capillaries, and inflamed blood vessels — which is why some patients may experience heart damage or stroke. "We were really scratching our heads for a while, how does this disease have this darn broad set of symptoms across lots of different organ systems?" Dr. Daniel Jacobson, the lead researcher behind the supercomputer study, told Business Insider. "As we looked at the effects of bradykinin, our model was that this virus can affect several different types of tissues, several different organs." Too much bradykinin can send the body spiraling out of control. Scientists already know that the coronavirus binds to cell receptors called ACE2. That's how the virus sneaks into the body's upper respiratory tract, then infects organs like the lungs, heart, kidneys, or intestines. But the supercomputers found that coronavirus patients had a 200-fold increase in the expression of ACE2 relative to a healthy person. This suggests the virus is actively influencing our bodies to make them even easier to infiltrate. At the same time, they computers found, coronavirus patients also had an eight-fold decrease in the expression of ACE, a protein that normally works with ACE2 to keep blood pressure in check. "This system that is normally very carefully balanced — COVID-19 really throws it out of whack," Jacobson said. This imbalance, the researchers think, is what leads to the over-production of bradykinin, which swoops in to keep blood pressure from getting too high. In severe cases, the cycle seems to go into overdrive: The body can't stop producing bradykinin. This is what researchers call a "bradykinin storm." An excess of the chemical widens the gaps in blood vessels, which allows fluid to leak out. That fluid, in turn, starts to fill up the alveoli: tiny air sacs in the lungs — hence why patients have trouble breathing. The supercomputers also found that coronavirus patients may over-produce a highly absorbent substance called hyaluronic acid. When the acid mixes with the fluid in the lungs, patients can feel like they're trying to breathe out of "a balloon full of Jell-O," Jacobson said. "There may be a tipping point where enough of this hyaluronic acid builds up, then all of a sudden they have respiratory distress," he added. "That explains why some people seem to be doing fine and then they crash and all of a sudden need hospitalization or worse." An explanation for the wide range of COVID-19 symptoms? The bradykinin theory offers a surprisingly cohesive explanation for why COVID-19 infections can result in a broad spectrum of symptoms. Though the disease has certain hallmarks — a fever, dry cough, and shortness of breath — patients have reported a range of cardiac, gastrointestinal, and neurological problems. "Everywhere we go in the body and look at the symptoms being reported, they map pretty well to exactly what you'd expect to see from bradykinin," Jacobson said. A bradykinin storm could cause fluid to leak from the blood vessels in the brain, which would explain neurological symptoms like dizziness, headaches, fogginess, and confusion that some patients experience. It can also trigger swelling, pain, and inflammation in the body — which can result in muscle soreness and body aches, now known to be common COVID-19 symptoms. That could even lead to purple, swollen toes. What's more, Jacobson said, a loss of taste or smell is a classic response to decreased levels of ACE receptors. Lower levels of ACE have also been linked to a dry cough and fatigue. Furthermore, the increased production of hyaluronic acid may explain why some asymptomatic patients have abnormal lung scans, Jacobson added. "There's probably damage being done in people who feel fine otherwise," he said. Implications for future treatments? Scientists still need to perform more clinical studies to know whether bradykinin storms are driving COVID-19 symptoms. But Jacobson's team isn't the first to suggest the theory. In May, Michigan researchers hypothesized that a bradykinin response could lead to life-threatening respiratory complications in some COVID-19 patients. A study published the month prior also proposed that the body's bradykinin response was to blame for leaky blood vessels observed in the lungs of COVID-19 patients. The researchers behind that work suggested that a drug called icatibant, which blocks the body's signal to produce bradykinin, could help treat infected patients. A follow-up study showed that four of nine patients who received the drug no longer needed oxygen support after 10 to 35 hours. The drug also had no severe adverse effects. But the study was too small to yield any significant conclusions. Jacobson's study, meanwhile, found evidence that vitamin D might hinder a bradykinin storm from developing in the first place. Studies have already shown that Vitamin D could help reduce the severity of COVID-19 infections. His study also supports the idea that corticosteroids can improve survival rates for COVID-19 patients. Bradykinin receptors activate an enzyme called phospholipase A2, which is inhibited by steroids. The World Health Organization issued a "strong recommendation" for the use of steroids among seriously ill patients last week. A competing hypothesis: the cytokine storm. Previously, some scientists suggested that a different internal "storm" could be behind people's severe reactions to the coronavirus: a cytokine storm. That release of chemical signals, when it goes into overdrive, can instruct the body to attack its own cells. This response was also observed in patients who died of H1N1, SARS, MERS, and the 1918 Spanish flu. Jacobson said a cytokine response could produce some COVID-19 symptoms, but it's probably not as "stormy" as researchers once thought. "That hypothesis is losing a little bit of traction," he said. "We're not saying they're not linked. I think they are. It just doesn't look like the full-blown cytokine storm is completely supported by data." So far, the medical community has approached the bradykinin theory with cautious optimism. "To be honest, I'm worried that this proposal is almost too neat and form-fitting," Derek Lowe, a medicinal chemist, wrote in Science Magazine. "Rarely do you get something that falls together this well." Still, he added, the findings are "pretty plausible." Jacobson said his team hopes to do more follow-up studies to test the theory, including studies involving long-haul coronavirus patients who have been sick for several months. "I have a couple of long haulers on my team, so this is really near and dear to our hearts, and we're seeing it play out in real time," he said. The bradykinin theory might play in there, too: Jacobson's team thinks that once that storm takes off, it could continue until the body figures out how to reset it. But it's still unclear whether any available treatments would make a difference for long-haul patients. "That's part of the joy of science," Jacobson said. "For every answer you have, it raises 10 more questions."


Source: What is a virus in the first place?

Viruses are neither dead or alive. They do not eat and most cannot reproduce on their own (RNA viruses). First seen as poisons, then as life-forms, then biological chemicals, viruses today are thought of as being in a gray area between living and nonliving: they cannot replicate on their own but can do so in truly living cells and can also affect the behavior of their hosts profoundly.

Further research by Stanley and others established that a virus consists of nucleic acids (DNA or RNA) enclosed in a protein coat that may also shelter viral proteins involved in infection. By that description, a virus seems more like a chemistry set than an organism. But when a virus enters a cell (called a host after infection), it is far from inactive. It sheds its coat, bares its genes and induces the cell’s own replication machinery to reproduce the intruder’s DNA or RNA and manufacture more viral protein based on the instructions in the viral nucleic acid. The newly created viral bits assemble and, voilà, more virus arises, which also may infect other cells.

These behaviors are what led many to think of viruses as existing at the border between chemistry and life. Virologists claim their dependence on host cells, viruses lead “a kind of borrowed life.” Interestingly, even though biologists long favored the view that viruses were mere boxes of chemicals, they took advantage of viral activity in host cells to determine how nucleic acids code for proteins: indeed, modern molecular biology rests on a foundation of information gained through viruses.

Bottom line, viruses depend on the host cell for the raw materials and energy necessary for nucleic acid synthesis, protein synthesis, processing and transport, and all other biochemical activities that allow the virus to multiply and spread. One might then conclude that even though these processes come under viral direction, viruses are simply nonliving parasites of living metabolic systems.

I have never seen, nor do I want to see, a zombie apocalypse movie but it is my understanding that the zombies came from a vaccine that was designed to combat a virus and the vaccine turned some into zombies. Now go to the link and see if someone may have read this before coming up with the zombie movies.



Source: Births & Deaths World Wide

Year 2018 2020 2030
World Population 7.594 B 7.796 B 8.506 B
       
Deaths 56.824 M 60 M 70 M
   
Births 141 M 141 M 141 M
       
Growth 84.176 M 81 M 71 M
More Births Than Deaths 2.5 2.4 2.0
Year 2018 2020 2030
World Population 7,594,000,000 7,796,500,000 8,506,500,000
       
Deaths 56,824,000 60,000,000 70,000,000
   
Births 141,000,000 141,000,000 141,000,000
       
Growth 84,176,000 81,000,000 71,000,000
More Births Than Deaths 2.5 2.4 2.0


Source: Causes of Death World Wide

Deaths
World Wide
Date Noted or In 2018 % Of World Population Past Total & Present per Year
Plague of Jestinian 541 - 542 100,000,000 48.5% tot
Black Plague 1346 - 1350 50,000,000 11.3% tot
World War II 1939 to 1945 60,000,000+ 3.0% tot
H1N1 1918 Spanish Flu 40,000,000+ 2.7% tot
Modern Plague 1894 - 1903 10,000,000 .6% tot
Cardiovascular Diseases 17,800,000 .234% = .00234/yr
Korean War 1950 to 1953 5,000,000 .19% tot
Cancers 9,600,000 .126% /yr
6th Cholera Pandemic 1889 - 1923 1,500,000 .115% tot
N2H2 Asian Flu 1957 2,000,000 .07% tot
Indonesian Tsunami 2004 227,898 .07% tot
Russian Flu 1889 - 1890 1,000,000 .057% tot
Respiratory Diseases 3,910,000 .051% /yr
Vietnam War 1955 to 1975 1,353,000 .04% tot
Lower Respiratory Infections 2,560,000 .034% /yr
Dementia 2,510,000 .033% /yr
Digestive Diseases 2,380,000 .031% /yr
Hong Kong Flu N3H2 1968 1,000,000 .029% tot
Neonatal Disorders 1,780,000 .023% /yr
Diarrheal Diseases 1,570,000 .021% /yr
Covid-19 - 2020 1,500,000 .021% /tot
5th Cholera Pandemic 982,000 .020% tot
Diabetes 1,370,000 .018% /yr
Liver Diseases 1,320,000 .017% /yr
Road Injuries 1,240,000 .016% /yr
Kidney Disease 1,230,000 .016% /yr
Tuberculosis 1,180,000 .016% /yr
HIV/AIDS 954,492 .013% /yr
Suicide 793,823 .010% /yr
Flu 646,000 .009% /yr
Malaria 619,827 .008% /yr
Homicide 405,346 .005% /yr
Parkinson Disease 340,639 .004% /yr
Drowning 295,210 .004% /yr
Meningitis 288,021 .004% /yr
Nutritional Deficiencies 269,997 .004% /yr
Malnutrition 231,771 .003% /yr
Maternal Disorders 193,639 .003% /yr
Alcohol Use Disorders 184,934 .002% /yr
Drug Use Disorders 166,613 .002% /yr
Measles 140,000 .002% /yr
Conflict 129,720 .002% /yr
Hepatitis 126,391 .002% /yr
Fire 120,632 .002% /yr
Poisonings 72,371 .001% /yr
Hot and Cold Exposure 53,350 .001% /yr
Terrorism 26,445 .000% /yr
Natural Disasters 9,603 .000% /yr

OK - I get it! The world data is probably off and often an educated guess. So, I am going to look at the numbers from the USA which are probably most accurate - not perfect - but way more accurate.

  2018 2019
USA Population 327,096,000 329,064,000
Native Born   278,800,000
Legal Noncitizens   13,100,000
Unauthorized Immigrants   11,300,000
Temporary Visas   1,700,000
Other   7,064,000
     
     
Deaths USA 2,839,205 2,835,038
Births USA 3,914,685 3,941,858
Delta 1,075,480 1,106,820‬
More Births Than Deaths 1.4 1.4
     
     
     
     
Deaths Date Noted or In 2018 % Of US Population Past Total & Present per Year
     
Civil War - US - 1861 to 1865 618,222 2.0% tot
H1N1 Spanish Flu - US - 1918 600,000+ .6% tot
World War II - US - 1939 to 1945 419,400 .3% tot
Vietnam War - US - 1955 to 1975 444,000 .232% tot
Heart Disease 655,381 .2% =0.002 /yr
Cancer 599,274 .19% /yr
OxyContin Overdoses - Purdue Pharma fined 8 Billion in 2020 400,000+ .13% /tot
Covid-19 - US - 2020 250,000 .08% /tot
Accidents/Unintentional Injuries 167,127 .051% /yr
H3N2 Hong Kong Flu - US - 1968 100,000 .05% tot
Chronic Lower Respiratory Diseases 159,486 .048% /yr
Cardiovascular Diseases 147,810 .045% /yr
H2N2 Asian Flu - US -1957 70,000 .04% tot
Alzheimer Disease 122,019 .037% /yr
Diabetes 84,946 .026% /yr
Korean War - US - 1950 to 1953 33,686 .023% tot
Flu and Pneumonia 59,120 .018% /yr
Kidney Disease 51,386 .016% /yr
Suicide 48,344 .015% /yr






Source: Why can't we get rid of Covid-19 like we did other viral infections?

Below is a list of virual infections that are known to kill humans.

Virus
Name
Identified Vaccine Live
Virus
Vaccine?
Thought Eradicated USA H
Or
H&A
Inf
w/o
Sym
How
Spread?
Strains Virus
Type
Can the vaccine give you the desease
Smallpox 1796 1796 Y 1979 H NO A&R 4 variola virus
DNA
Y
Measles 1757 1953 Y 2000 H YES A&R 3 morbillivirus
RNA
Y
Rubella
(German Measles)
1962 1969 Y 2004 H YES A&R 4 rubella virus
RNA
Y
Polio 1908 1955 Y 1979 H YES F 3 poliovirus
RNA
Y
Mumps 1934 1967 Y - H YES A&R 1 Rubulavirus
RNA
?
Flu 1933 Y N - H&A YES A&R 4 Influenza
RNA
N
Covid-19 2020 N - - H&A YES A&R 7 SARS-CoV-2
RNA
-
Cold 2001 N - - H&A YES A&R 200+ rhinoviruses
RNA
-
Ebola 1976 2019 Y - H&A YES BF 5 zaire ebolavirus
RNA
N
FLU Y
Chickenpox 1875 1970's Y - H&A YES A&R 2 varicella zoster
DNA
Y
HIV/AIDS 1984 N - - H&A YES BF 60+ lentivirus
RNA
-

A&R= Aerosol and respiratory droplets. BF = Certain infected body fluids. F = Infected fecal - oral transmission through food, water, saliva. H = Human. H&A = Human and Animal.


Vaccines are intended to keep you from getting an infection as opposed to getting rid of an infection after you get it. For example, there is no treatment for smallpox. Once a person was infected it was impossible to treat them; one could only helplessly let the disease run its course. It might be possible that modern antiviral drugs would now allow a treatment of the disease if the disease still existed but since they have never been tested on infected humans, their effectiveness remains unknown.

I should also point out that most of the viruses we are dealing with these days are RNA viruses. RNA viruses have exceptionally high mutations rates because their replications enzymes are prone to errors when making new virus copies. RNA viruses cannot replicate on their own.

Polio...

Unlike the flu and Covid-19, smallpox, polio and measles infects ONLY humans and NOT animals.

Unlike smalpox, doctors have been working on ending polio for 31 years, initially hoping it would be completely gone by 2000. Now, due to difficulties tracking the disease, the target eradication date for the remaining type 1 strain is 2023.

Like the flu and Covid-19, humans are infected with the variola virus by coming in touch with droplets of a smallpox-infected patient. A healthy person can become infected if they inhale fluid droplets from another infected individual.

Smallpox and measles make their presence clearly and unambiguously known by a rash of pustules covering a patient’s entire body for smallpox and red bumpy rash for measles. You can’t be infected and contagious but still appear healthy. Unlike smalpox and measles 95% of thos infected with polio do not display any symptome with a few displaying generic symptoms like headache or fever. Therefore, tracking of polio is significantly more difficult.

While an infection of the variola minor virus would lead to death with a probability of less than one percent, the case fatality rate of the variola major virus has been estimated to be around 30%.

Unvaccionated, smalpox can kill between 1 and 4 per 1,000 population. For the US population in 2018 that would be between 327,000 and 1,300,000 people. It is estimated that the smalpox vaccine has saved roughly 200 million peoples lives.


Now let me blow your mind!
Try to wrap your head around this.



At the equator the earth spins at 1000 miles per hour = 1609 kilometers per hour.





The earth rotates around the sun at about 67,000 miles per hour = 107,826 kilometers per hour.





The sun is rotating around the galaxy at about 559,000 miles per hour (250 km/s according to Vera Rubin, the lady who discovered this in the 1970's). In fact, the majority of the suns in all galaxies rotate around their respective black hole very close to this same speed. One would expect the rotation to be much like our solar system where the outer planets rotate slower and the inner planets rotate faster. Not so for the stars in a galaxy. Stars, at many varying distances from the black hole at the galaxy center, are all rotating at the same speed. This results in the pinwheel shapes common to most galaxies. No one really knows exactly why this is. It is being explained as the result of dark matter.

Our galaxy, along with the local group of galaxies, is moving through space at about 1,340,000 miles per hour = 2,156,521 kilometers per hour.

Astronomers speculate that space is expanding at about 152,112 miles per hour = 244,801 kilometers per hour.

Add it all up and we are traveling through space at more than 2,000,000 miles per hour = 3,218,688 kilometers per hour. Other estimates say upwards of 2.8 million miles per hour = 4.5 million kilometers per hour. That is somewhere between 550 and 800 miles per second = 1,288 kilometers per second. At that speed you could travel from the earth to the moon, 238,900 miles away, in under 6 minutes. In any case, it is fast - damn fast.

It's hard to imagine traveling that fast. It's impossible to relate to these speeds especially when we feel like we are standing still in space.

As a comparison, the speed of light is 6.706e+8 mph or 670,600,000 miles per hour which is about 671 million miles per hour or about 186,000 miles per second ~ 300,000 kilometers per second.


That is about 300 times faster than we are traveling through space.

Something I should also mention is that in addition to moving through space at such an extreme speed, our sun with the planets moves up and down through the plane of our galaxy like a merry go round while traveling around the galaxy. This merry go round up and down oscillation is on a 60,000 year cycle. So, this up and down movement through the plane of the Milky Way Galaxy takes us into areas of our galaxy that may be less desirable than others. It could take us through debris clouds or near magnetars or black holes that could cause havoc in various catastrophic ways for the earth.



Did you know
- the universe has more platinum atoms than silver atoms? Platinum is the pricier metal because on earth it is much rarer than silver because billions of years ago much of the platinum and gold sank out of the earth's crust and into its core. There is an estimated 6 times more platinum than gold in the earth's core.




Why Is Earth's Weather Changing?

Now let's look at the Earth's path through space and how it affects the weather. Global warming or cooling - absolutely. Manmade - a little but nothing like earth itself. No doubt humankind is contributing to weather change but the earth's orbit will override and exceed anything man will do.

Why you ask?

The Earth's rotational axis is tilted slightly at 23.5 degrees. The Earth's axis rotates around this circle once every 20,000 years. The north star today is Polaris, however, 5 thousand years ago it was a different star altogether (Theban) and thousands of years from now it will be Vega. Today the orientation is the northern hemisphere is leaning away from the sun. This position is why the Sarah Desert is a desert where it was more tropical, wet, and green 15,000 years ago.



The Earth's orbit around the sun is also not constant and varies widely over time. Today the Earth's orbit around the sum is almost circular so summers and winters are mild. However, due to influences from the Sun and moon, Earth's orbit can go slightly elliptical. The cycle between elliptical and circular is 100,000 years. The effect of this orbital change will be hotter summers and colder winters.


Jupiter and Mars have an even bigger effect on Earth's orbit where a 405,000 year cycle takes the Earth's orbit on an extremely elliptical orbit. This orbit is thought to have been responsible for snowball earth several times in Earth's past.

Yes, Earth's climate is changing, and it is going to change way more dramatically than any of us can imagine. All of these orbital changes have happened in the past, several times, and will happen again in the future, many more times. 20,000 years from now there will be vast changes where the Sarah Desert will be green again. But, these changes will be the result of the Earth's orbit around the Sun and will probably have little to do with human evolution.



BUT WAIT - THERE'S MORE

Mark has had a theory for a very long time. We know from Albert Einstein that time and space are relative and therefore are not constant. Affecting one affects and changes the other. Gravity warps space and also time. Speed also warps time. Time runs slower wherever gravity is strongest. This is because gravity curves space-time. Also, the faster the relative velocity between two people or places, the greater the time dilation between one another. They say this rate of time diminishes to zero as one approaches the speed of light but who really knows. This effect is not linear. It is exponential. For sufficiently high speeds this effect is dramatic. For example, a persons perceived one year of travel near the speed of light might correspond to ten years of time on Earth. That said, our time here on earth is influenced by speed because, as you know, we are traveling through space at somewhere around 2+ million miles per hour. So we can see that our perceived time is slower than the time of something standing still in space. We also know on earth we are influenced by the gravity of the earth, the sun, and the galaxy we are traveling through space in so our perceived time is also slowed by all that gravitational influence. This effect is also exponential where higher gravitational influence cause the most dramatic effects. Adding up the slowing of our time as a result of our speed and the gravity that is influencing us means that our perceived time is slower than actual time in space without these influences. So, when we look out into the universe, we see the universe not only expanding but speeding up (accelerating) because our time is running slower than what we are looking at. Therefore, Mark doubts that the speed of galaxies in the universe are accelerating away from one another as scientist's have speculated. The universe is expanding, maybe, but not accelerating. Mark has been preaching this concept for years. Some think this concept is revolutionary and many think it is plain nuts. What do you think?

Moving on - they say the H0liCOW estimate puts the Hubble constant at about 71.9 kilometers (44.7 miles) per second per megaparsec (one megaparsec equals about 3.3 million light-years). In 2001, Dr. Wendy Freedman determined space to expand at 72 kilometers per second per megaparsec - roughly 3.3 million light years - meaning that for every 3.3 million light years further away from the earth you are, the matter where you are, is moving away from earth 72 kilometers a second faster. In 2015, another team, using observations of the cosmic microwave background, determined the rate was 67.8 kilometers per second per megaparsec. Time dilation in a gravitational field is equal to time dilation in far space, due to a speed that is needed to escape that gravitational field.
Here is the proof:

Dilation equation